It was until the end of 19th century that artist confirmed to the traditional principals of classical realism and demonstrated this conventional style in the form of paintings and sculptures that they created. They created realistic artworks that were not only inspired but also imitated and represented external reality. However, with the passage of time, things began to change.
The effect of impressionism began to fade. Artists were no longer interested in depicting the real world; rather they felt that the traditional ideologies curtailed their creativity. For them, impressionism was no longer an authentic way to express things creatively. They defied the established conventions and started experimenting. The rebellious attitude of these artists gave rise to the bold modern art. It was during the 1900s-1930s that more and more artists started experimenting with additional techniques involving color and new shapes in quest of abstraction, thus giving birth to abstract art.
An abstract is a form of art in which an artist does not try to imitate anything. This concept is relatively a new one, the hue, tint, shade, color, and form of the painting is certainly an exclusive idea. It is a mixture of a monotonous aspect of realism. Abstract Expressionism art produced during the late 1940s and 1950s. Abstract art paintings were created at the cusp of a 20th century. They epitomized break away from real life, thereby representing real life in the form of visual reference using color, shape, and forms to interpret the subject matter without providing any sort of recognizable view. This form of art is based on real life objects but represented in a schematic way rupturing the actual form of drawing art. Abstract art paintings demonstrated the departure from the real world to the world of imagination, existing along a continuum. As far as art is concerned, the term “abstract” actually means to break the norms and conventions associated with artwork till date. Famous abstract art paintings are also termed as non-objective art, non-figurative art, geometric representation, and concrete art. The premise of abstraction is aesthetics.
Artists Associated with Abstract Art
Most famous artists who created masterpieces of abstract art paintings in are Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, Wassily Kandinsky, Man Ray, and Jackson Pollock. These eminent artists explored different forms and colors to express what they felt in form of abstract paintings. In addition, this style of artwork allows user to decide what it represents on a personal level. Artists have always found new ways to express the changing world along with novel ideas. The art also articulated unprecedented scientific and technological developments that took place around the 20th century. These new ideas were reflected in the artwork. Cezanne, Matisse, and Picasso moved away from traditional technique of painting to an abstraction form of work. Picasso said that abstract form of art cannot be elucidated in words as it influences people on a personal level. The oeuvre takes you somewhere which words cannot define. With the onset of Second World War, a layer of great depression flared into the life of commoners. Artists began to search for visual language that could express a hard time. The language of abstract art enabled artists to bring about the assorted voice of people demonstrating emotion, memory, inner strength, and spiritual beliefs.
Some of the world renowned abstract art paintings represent different types of a masterpiece which includes:
• Curvilinear Paintings
• Color-Related or Light-Related Paintings
• Geometric Paintings
• Minimalist Paintings
Movements Associated with Abstract Art
Abstract art involves the movement of surrealism, Dadaism, cubism, and fauvism. Other forms of abstract art involve Suprematism, Art Informel, Neo-Plasticism, and De Stijl. In a nutshell, this non-representational form of art gained prominence because of its abstract nature.